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0. DTMF digits

When writing an application, make sure to handle all valid DTMF tones (with sound clips; copied from the DTMF wikipedia page):



1209 Hz1336 Hz1477 Hz1633 Hz
697 Hz123A
770 Hz456B
852 Hz789C
941 Hz*0#D

The tones A , B , C , and D are very rare nowadays but they are still possible to send (e.g., someone has an old device with the extra ABCD column) and thus make sure that you handle them in your app, otherwise they may cause it to crash.

1. Mode overview

In the context of two bridged analog channels, we need to consider 5 possible approaches to DTMF handling per audio path (tx and rx).

DTMF behavior for a single audio path can be captured by a triple of booleans as follows:

Matrix
ModeSuppressDetectRegenerate
passthrough...
passthrough.X.
interceptX..
interceptXX.
interceptXXX

Two such triples would be needed to fully describe the behavior of two bridged channels: one for the rx and one for tx audio path.

2. Mode descriptions

2.1 DTMF passthrough inband

Audio passes between the A and B legs without being inspected or modified.

2.2 DTMF passthrough inband w/ DTMF detection

Audio passes between the A and B legs without being modified. DTMF detection is done by running Goertzel on each 20ms buffer but NOT dropping frames in which DTMF is detected.

2.3 DTMF intercept w/ DTMF removal

DTMF is filtered out. In some implementations this could be a cheaper operation than detect and remove.

2.4 DTMF intercept w/ DTMF detection and removal

Detect DTMF using Goertzel and drop samples containing DTMF tones. The opposite leg will hear silence (with or without some bleeding).

2.5 DTMF intercept w/ DTMF detection, removal and regeneration

Detect DTMF using Goertzel and drop samples identified as containing DTMF tones. Regenerate the detected DTMF tones on the opposite leg. This AFAIK is the only DTMF intercept mode supported by FreeSWITCH ATM.

3. DTMF options

FreeSWITCH attempts to negotiate rfc2833 DTMF out-of-band transmission.

TODO RFC 2833 is obsoleted by RFC 4733.

An option to offer rfc2833 but accept INFO was added in GIT bc7cb400c0d576817b12836012899925dce61cca on June 23, 2011.

If you are receiving the DTMF inband and FreeSWITCH hasn't automatically started inband detection, use mod_dptools: start_dtmf


See more: section DTFM in Sofia Configuration Files.

4. DTMF Tools

You may want DTMF input to trigger certain actions. These tools will let you do that, e.g. start recording the call or initiate a transfer.

5. Other